Activity: Divide the Lottery Sharing INR 10,00,000 with a total stranger.
Kant’s Deontological/Duty-based Ethics: Pre-suppositions
Maxim 1: Universalisability Principle:
Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law without contradiction.
Maxim 2. Autonomy Principle:
Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never merely as a means to an end, but always at the same time as an end.
Therefore, every rational being must so act as if he were through his maxim always a legislating member in the universal kingdom of ends.
Kant and Categorical Imperatives:
Utilitarianism Crash Course:
Philosophy of Karma: Bhagavad Gita
Ma Phaleshou Kadachana.
Ma Karma Phala Hetur
Bhurmatey Sangostva Akarmani.
CHATUR VARNYAM MAYAA SRISHTAM
GUNA KARMA VIBHAGASHAHA
TASYA KARTARAM API MAAM
VIDDHI AKARTARAM AVYAYAM.
Therefore, arise, thou son of Kunti!
Brace Thine arm for conflict,
nerve thy heart to meet
As things alike to thee – pleasure or pain,
Profit or ruin, victory or defeat;
So minded, gird thee to the fight;
for so Thou shalt not sin.
Bhagavad Gita and Kant:
- Human beings are rational
- They have free will
- Means are the determiners of morality of an action
- Gita: Karma and free will